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Studies and Reports.

Advances in Pediatric Psychopharmacology, Neal Ryan, MD, Joaquim Puig-Antioch Professor, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh (2007)

Legal Strategies to Challenge Chemical Restraint of Children in Foster Care, A Resource for Child Advocates in Florida, Bob Jacobs, J.D., Psy.D. Advocacy Center for Persons with Disabilities, Inc. (2006)

This resource is designed to help advocates educate dependency judges and protect children in foster care against rights violations, harmful drugs, and/or chemical restraint. It includes information about commonly prescribed psychotropic drugs, their side effects, and strategies for challenging harmful treatment and/or chemical restraint. A chart is provided that lists different kinds of antidepressants, mood stabilizers, stimulants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, antihypertensives, antihistamines, and antianxiety drugs and their negative physical side effects.

Medication for Children and Youth with Emotional, Behavioral, and Mental Health Needs:  A Guidebook for Better Understanding, Florida Department of Children and Families (2005)

Trends in the Prescribing of Psychotropic Medications to Preschoolers, Julie Magno Zito, PhD
Daniel J. Safer, MD, Susan dosReis, PhD, James F. Gardner, ScM, Myde Boles, PhD, Frances Lynch, PhD, JAMA, February 23, 2000—Vol 283, No. 8.

National Institute of Mental Health, Medications, 2002.

This detailed booklet describes mental disorders and the medications for treating them — includes a comprehensive list of medications.

The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. AACAP Position Statement on Oversight of Psychotropic Medication Use for Children in State Custody:  A Best Principle Guideline (2005)

Use of Psychotropic Medications for Children in the Child Welfare System - Part One & Two

On July 12, 2006 and January 10, 2007, the NRCFCPPP and the Child Welfare League of America hosted this teleconference for state program managers in foster care and adoption. Audio files of that teleconference, along with handouts, are available for download on the NRCFCPPP website.

New Treatment Guidelines Released for Children and Adolescents with Depression, ADHD, and Bipolar Disorders, Louis De La Parte Florida Mental Health Institute (2007)
Announces a set of best practices and psychotherapeutic guidelines.

State of Tennessee Department of Children's Services Standards of Professional Practice for Serving Children and Families, Tennessee Department of Children's Services
Provides standards for use of psychotropic medications for children in foster care in the State of Tennessee.

Psychotropic Medication Utilization Parameters for Foster Children, Texas Dept. of State Health Services, Technical Report, January 2007

This report presents treatment guidelines and discusses parameters regarding the appropriate use of psychotropic medications in foster children. It begins by emphasizing the need for a comprehensive evaluation to be performed before beginning treatment for a mental or behavioral disorder, and the need to consider nonpharmacological interventions before beginning a psychotropic medication, except in urgent situations. General principles are then listed regarding the use of psychotropic medications in children, along with criteria indicating the need for further review of a child's clinical status. The report closes with tables that list the usual maximum doses of commonly used psychotropic medications.

Florida Statewide Advocacy Council Red Item Report: Psychotropic Drug Use in Foster Care
July 2003

Psychotropic Medication Management for Youth in State Care: Consent, Oversight, and Policy Considerations, Michael W. Naylor, Christine V. Davidson, D. Jean Ortega-Piron, Arin Bass, Alice Gutierrez, Angela Hall, CHILD WELFARE • VOL. 86, #5 • September/October 2007, pp. 175-192

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